The Role of Tribunals and Dispute Resolution Centres in the Administration of Justice in Nigeria

ABSTRACT

The judicial powers of the Federation and States are vested in courts established by section 6 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) and other courts established for the Federation by an Act of the National Assembly or in case of states, the law made by the relevant State House of Assembly. Due to the influx and consequential protraction of cases, the judicial powers gradually had to be shared with emerging tribunals established for particular purposes. This development consequently brought about a dual parallel system of adjudicating institutions operating side by side.

Multiplicity and increase in litigations which generated incessant undue protraction of cases in courts, has posed an imminent threat to the breakdown of law and order that may ultimately lead to anarchy in society. Under this compelling situation, an alternative means to decongest the courts became absolutely inevitable. Nigeria resorted to, inter alia, benchmarking the British experience to establish tribunals to handle some specific cases requiring more expeditious determination like election petitions, breach of code of conduct by public office holders, capital market cases, etc.

Election tribunals stand unique in the administration of justice in Nigeria. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended) and the successive Electoral Acts 2002, 2006 and 2010 have provided a fast-tracking procedure to ensure prompt disposal of election petitions and appeals due to their sui generis nature. A thorough appraisal of election cases has been done from first-instance tribunals to appellate tribunals.

The time-honoured tradition of the Nigerian people of dispute resolution also enjoys formal patronage by establishing dispute resolution centres like the Lagos Multi-door Court House and the Abuja Multi-door Court House by the Negotiation and Conflict Management Group (NCMG), etc. Since the formal establishment of various resolution centres, all hands have been on deck to resolve most disputes by providing prompt, easy and friendly resolutions. The various aspects of alternative dispute resolution have been examined, and the several advantages of the alternative system of administration of justice have been identified. The problems and difficulties that cause hiccups have been discussed, and solutions proffered.

The common problem running through the operation of every tribunal is a delay in the trial proceedings. This work aims principally at evolving ways of minimising delays in the disposal of cases in tribunals and dispute resolution centres and, at the same time, enhancing the quality of adjudication as a tool for decongesting the courts in order to promote peaceful and more harmonious co-existence amongst the Nigerian people.

The Role of Tribunals and Dispute Resolution Centres in the Administration of Justice in Nigeria

The Framework of Economic...

The Framework of Economic and Human Rights Under the...

The Defence of Mistake...

ABSTRACT The importance of Criminal Law as a vehicle for...

Corporate Capacity and the...

ABSTRACT Any act of a company outside the Memorandum and...

Appraisal of the Impediments...

CHAPTER ONE APPRAISAL OF THE IMPEDIMENTS TO INHERITANCE UNDER ISLAMIC...

Strategic Management in the...

ABSTRACT The article defines the constructive role of strategic management...

The Defence of Provocation...

Abstract The aim of the thesis is to make a...

The Framework of Economic and Human Rights Under the ECOWAS Treaty

The Framework of Economic and Human Rights Under the ECOWAS Treaty: A Case Study of Implementation in Nigeria ABSTRACT The 1975 ECOWAS Treaty made by the...

The Defence of Mistake in Nigerian Law

ABSTRACT The importance of Criminal Law as a vehicle for the advancement of humanity cannot be overemphasized. "This is the law on which men place their...

Corporate Capacity and the Ultra Vires Rule Under Nigerian Law

ABSTRACT Any act of a company outside the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the company or the statute(s) creating the company is Ultra Vires....

Appraisal of the Impediments to Inheritance Under Islamic Law

CHAPTER ONE APPRAISAL OF THE IMPEDIMENTS TO INHERITANCE UNDER ISLAMIC LAW 1.1 GENERAL BACKGROUND Some obstacles and impediments prevent an inheritor from benefiting from the assets left...

Strategic Management in the Formation of the Company Personnel

ABSTRACT The article defines the constructive role of strategic management in forming and developing company personnel. The original model of work with company staff is...

The Defence of Provocation in Nigeria and Sudan – A Comparative Study

Abstract The aim of the thesis is to make a comparative study of the defence of provocation in Nigeria and Sudan. Provocation as a defence...

Appellate Jurisdiction of Nigerian Courts in Civil Matters

Abstract The majority of appellants and some appellate courts are ignorant or oblivious to the proper rules of appeal, resulting in a lot of injustices...

Assessment of Petroleum Profit Tax Under the Nigerian Tax Laws

CHAPTER ONE 1.0 GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction Petroleum Profit Tax Act provides that: Assessment of tax shall be made in such form and in such manner as the...

A Study of Customary Land Law and Tenure Practices of Six Communities of the Lower Benue River Valley of Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study is aimed at studying the customary land laws and tenurial practices of the communities of the Nigerian Lower Benue River valley. These...