Having a central database for Nigeria which organizations can rely on for identification/verification purposes, has been a plan in the pipeline for many years now. This has become urgent because of the nation’s current security challenges and the problem of multiple enrolments across various organizations. All of these organizations collect data, but the data collected is not useful outside the collecting organizations.
According to various reports, the Nigerian government has been trying to create a central database to contain Nigerian nationals’ basic and biometric information, to be managed by the Nigerian Identity Management Commission (NIMC), but to no avail. The project ‘National Identity Database’ creation was started in 2007 and has not yet been successful.
This thesis aims to create a central platform for integrating all of these biometric data to curb these problems while considering the security of access control. In this work, we created four web applications and databases to represent information from four organizations; the Nigerian Immigration System, the Independent National Electoral Commission, Bank, and NIMC, with NIMC as the central point. The data represented include their enrollees’ basic and biometric information (fingerprints). The web applications were designed using C#.net on visual studio IDE alongside supporting software like MySQL connector, Adobe Fireworks and database access with PhpMyAdmin. Each application includes four modules, enrolment, admin, query and verification. The verification module serves as the platform where different organizations’ applications can interface with the central database, allowing individuals to be identified from any point.
The overall system developed provides a platform to curb multiple and indiscriminate collections of biometric (fingerprint) data, a major challenge in the country.
Keywords: Biometric, Central database, Fingerprint, Verification and Identification
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